Comparison of mandibular index values determined from standard panoramic versus cone beam computed tomography reconstructed images
Secgin, Cansu Koseoglu
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Objective. The aim of this study was to compare mandibular index values, including the mandibular cortical index (MCI), mental index (MI), and panoramic mandibular index (PMI), determined on the basis of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and panoramic reconstructed (PR) images. Study Design. PR and CBCT images of 182 patients were retrospectively analyzed. Cross-sectional (CS) and PR images were obtained from CBCT data. The MCI, MI, and PMI were assessed on CS, PR, and panoramic images and evaluated for intra- and interobserver agreements by kappa-value or intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) analysis. Agreement among measurement methods was assessed by using the Bland-Altman method, with CS images as the gold standard for linear measurements. Results. Measurements from PR and CS images agreed with those from panoramic images in 66.7% and 53.8% of C3 classifications of MCI (porous cortices forming many endosteal residues), respectively. Panoramic and CBCT images exhibited good agreement in MI findings (ICC 0.91) and moderate (PR and panoramic images: ICC 0.79) to good (CS and panoramic images: ICC 0.87) agreement in PMI findings. Conclusions. Because of the overlapping of buccal and lingual cortices, panoramic images are especially inadequate for determining the C3 category of MCI. However, CS images obtained from available CBCT data provide better visibility compared with panoramic images and, therefore, can be used for evaluating mandibular indices.