Designing siRNA-conjugated plant oil-based nanoparticles for gene silencing and cancer therapy
Anilmis, Nur Merve
Denkbas, Emir Baki
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In this study, the anticancer activities of two siRNA carriers were compared using a human lung adenocarcinoma epithelial cell line (A549). Firstly, poly(styrene)-graft-poly(linoleic acid) (PS-g-PLina) and poly(styrene)-graft-poly(linoleic acid)-graft-poly(ethylene glycol) (PS-g-PLina-g-PEG) graft copolymers were synthesized by free-radical polymerization. PS-PLina and PS-PLina-PEG nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared by solvent evaporation method and were then characterized. The size was found as 150 +/- 10 nm for PS-PLina and 184 +/- 6 nm for PS-PLina-PEG NPs. The NPs were functionalized with poly(l-lysine) (PLL) for c-myc siRNA conjugation. siRNA entrapment efficiencies were found in the range of 4-63% for PS-PLina-PLL and 6-42% for PS-PLina-PEG-PLL NPs. The short-term stability test was realised for 1 month. siRNA release profiles were also investigated. In vitro anticancer activity of siRNA-NPs was determined by MTT, flow cytometry, and fluorescence microscopy analyses. Obtained findings showed that both NPs systems were promising as siRNA delivery tool for lung cancer therapy.