On demand pancreatic stenting in chronic pancreatitis might provide good palliation of pain
Etik, D. O.
Onder, F. O.
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Background and aim : Chronic pancreatitis (CP)-related pain is a considerable problem in gastroenterology practice that frequently requires several endoscopic interventions. We aimed to investigate the efficacy of pancreatic duct stenting performed on demand, instead of at defined intervals, for the management of the CP-related pain. Methods : This study is a retrospective evaluation of thirteen years of data. Sixty-seven patients with CP who suffered from intractable pain were enrolled in the study. Pancreatic stenting was performed mainly with single stents according to the diameter of the pancreatic duct and width of the stricture or, less frequently, with multiple stents to achieve stricture resolution. The subsequent endoscopic session was scheduled based on the patient's symptoms. Results : Overall, 65 of 67 patients underwent successful pancreatic cannulation (technical success rate 97%). Fifty-seven patients with a pancreatic stenting history were still undergoing follow-up. Of these patients, 26 patients still had pancreatic ductal stents; however, the stents were removed from 31 patients. Only 8 patients (25%) required furtherendoscopic or surgical intervention because of the re-emergence of pain after a median stent-free period of 17 months (3-127 months). One patient with a biliary stricture and one patient with a pancreatic mass underwent surgery. Pancreatic stents remained for a median length of 14 months (3-84 months). During the follow-up period, 55 of 65 patients became pain-free or had partial pain relief (clinical success rate 84%). Conclusions : On demand replacement of pancreatic stent is feasible in patients with CP and it might provide a good palliation of CP-related pain.