Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy for Kidney Stones in Patients with Hematological Malignancy
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To define the alterations in the outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) operations for kidney stones in patients with history of hematological malignancy (HM). Material and Method: Between 2000 and 2013, 1700 adult patients underwent PNL for the treatment of kidney stones in our institution. Four of these patients had a history of HM and considered to be HM group (n=4). Ten elderly (>65 years) patients who had no history of operation, HM or any other co-morbide diseases were chosen as the control group (n=10). Surgical parameters, success rates, additional treatments and complications were evaluated. Results: Statistical analyses showed no significant differences between HM and control group according to stone area, operation time, fluoroscopy time, hospitalization time,Delta Hb, blood transfusion rates and INR values (p>0.05). Statistical analyses revealed no significant differences between HM and control groups according to the success rates (p=0.470). Statistical analyses revealed no significant difference between groups for additional treatment requirements (p=0.882). No major perioperative complication was seen in both of the groups. Discussion: The treatment of kidney stone disease by PNL in patients with hematological malignancy is feasible, safe and effective. However, close cooperation with the Hematology Department before the operation is mandatory.